Knee specialist approach to total knee replacement ©Viewmedica
Total knee replacement (endoprothesis)
If a partial knee replacement is no longer possible (the damage to the joint surface is too great), the knee joint surface is replaced completely with "artificial knee joint". This means that the worn ends of the bones are replaced with metal and plastic parts.
With a total knee replacement, the choice of method used to connect the upper and lower leg components, is most important. There are two prosthesis options for this, "fixed bearing" and "mobile bearing". The mobile bearing prosthesis uses a moving "meniscus" disc, more closely resembling the natural structure of the knee.