The term malunion ankle fracture refers to a fracture in the bones maintaining the joint that did not heal correctly. This can occur after rolling and twisting, e.g. during sports but also after falling.
If the fracture does not heal correctly, deformities or different levels can form on the joint surface in the ankle. Patients are afflicted with chronic pain and limited mobility. Abnormal biomechanical stress of the joint causes cartilage damage in the long term with subsequent ankle arthrosis.
At Gelenk-Klinik, experienced foot and ankle specialists competently examine and treat malunion ankle fractures and remaining dysfunctions. The proposed treatments are tailored to the patient's specific situation, e.g. the age or favourite sports.
Dr. Martin Rinio, MD, Orthopedist, Surgeon and Trauma Surgeon
Dr. Martin Rinio has special surgery experience in hip, knee and shoulder prostheses. Working well with general practitioners is particularly important to him in ensuring patients receive comprehensive care.
Diagnostic Ankle Arthroscopy allows the surgeon to see inside the ankle joint to find out what could be causing the ankle pain. It provides a method of evaluating the ankle and enables a detailed diagnosis of the problem to be made. Ankle arthroscopy allows the orthopaedic surgeon to see the current status of the ligaments, cartilage, synovia and bones forming the complex ankle joint. In the case of osteoarthritis of the ankle, arthroscopy shows the surgeon the current state of the cartilage tissue. Pathologic developments such as loose bodies in the synovial fluid of the ankle joint, inflammation and infection, osteophytes of the ankle and damage to the bones forming the ankle joint can also be evaluated by this method.
Ankle ligament reconstruction is a surgical treatment for chronic ankle instability when ligaments are stretched or torn (ankle sprain). If ankle instability following rupture of the ligaments has not responded to conservative treatment (including physical therapy), the foot and ankle specialist is able to suture the ligaments.
Ankle ligament reconstruction or ankle ligament plastic surgery is a well tested procedure with a very reliable outcome. Ankle reconstruction can reverse chronic ankle instability and prevent further deterioration of the ankle joint. The best outcomes for this procedure are most achieved by expert orthopaedic foot and ankle surgeons.
Arthritis of the ankle - wear of the ankle - typically affects younger patients.
The ankle is actually less susceptible to arthritis than the hip or knee.
Therefore, arthritis developing in the ankle is usually promoted by specific causes, typically accidents. Only 5% - 10% of all cases of arthritis of the ankle occur as primary arthritis of the ankle, i.e. without specific cause.
Ankle replacement surgery (ankle prosthesis) is a modern therapy for osteoarthritis of the ankle. For decades ankle fusion was the preferred treatment for this condition, but since 1996 ankle prosthesis surgery has delivered good results. However the application of this surgical technique demands a level of specialised understanding of foot and ankle orthopaedics that that only a few centres for foot and ankle surgery can provide.