Joint Surgeons in Germany

Gelenk Klinik Orthopaedic Clinic
Alte Bundesstrasse 58
D-79194 Gundelfingen
fon: +49-761-79117-228
fax: +49-761-79117-999

Foot Specialist

Haglund deformity: Causes, diagnosis & treatment by foot specialist

Haglund's syndrome is a deformity of the heel bone (calcaneus) which is also noticeable from the outsideHaglund's syndrome is a deformity of the heel bone (calcaneus) which is also noticeable from the outside. © Gelenk-Klinik

With Haglund's syndrome (Haglund's deformity), part of the heel bone is severely enlarged outward, forming a so-called growth. The Achilles tendon is often irritated or calcified.

The heel in patients with Haglund's syndrome often becomes inflamed due to pressure inside the shoe and where the tendons attach to the bone and bursae can be irritated and swollen.

Especially patients with hollow feet (pes cavus) are afflicted with the painful Haglund's syndrome. Stabbing pain in the heel develops suddenly. The foot specialists at Gelenk-Klinik have a number of possible conservative and surgical treatment options. The stage of the Haglund's syndrome determines a suitable treatment.

Dr. med Thomas Schneider - Senior Orthopaedic Specialist

Dr med Thomas Schneider Orthopaedic Specialist, Consultant for Specialised Knee and Ankle, Hip and Shoulder SurgeryDr. med Thomas Schneider, Orthopaedic Specialist, Foot and Ankle, Hip Surgery
  • Orthopaedic Specialist at the Gelenk Klinik Orthopaedic Hospital
  • PhD (1997) University of Freiburg
  • Orthopaedic Specialist since 2004
  • Expert Consultant for Arthroscopic Ankle and Foot Surgery
  • Ankle Replacement Surgery
  • Ligament Reconstruction
  • Total Hip Replacement (McMinn)
  • Cartilage Replacement
  • Arthroscopic Shoulder Surgery
  • Languages: English and German

Hallux valgus: A minimally invasive surgery corrects the position of the big toe

The operation of the Hallux valgus (bunion) corrects the deformity of the big toe, which tilts toward the outside of the foot.The operation of the Hallux valgus (bunion) corrects the deformity of the big toe, which tilts toward the outside of the foot. © joint-surgeon

Hallux valgus (usually called a bunion) is a common deformity of the big toe that is predominantly seen in female patients. The big toe noticeably tilts toward the outside of the foot, displacing the smaller toes. The deformity is not pretty. It is of particular concern to women whose feet no longer fit into shoes. In advanced stages, the deformity puts increasing strain on the base joint of the big toe. In the long term, the adjacent toes will develop claw or hammer toes. The base of the big toe will grow painful exostoses (outgrowths) or develop extremely painful bursitis, only worsening the problems wearing shoes. The protruding part of the ball of the foot becomes inflamed and may swell up. The strain on the base joint of the big toe may even cause painful osteoarthritis in the big toe (hallux rigidus). Often specialists speak of “Cinderella Foot Surgery” to focus on the cosmetic point of view of foot procedure. But improving the function, relieving chronic pain and treating deformities of the foot are equally important.

The specialists at our certified centre for foot and ankle surgery are experts in the gentle treatment of this deformity of the big toe. They typically use gentle, minimally invasive procedures which often leave no visible scars on the foot. This speeds up healing and rehabilitation and prevents complications following bunion surgery.

The more severe the bunion, the more complex the surgery will be and the longer the after-care period. It is therefore prudent to see a specialist early and learn about surgical options for correcting bunions.

The goal of treatment is for our patients to regain mobility as quickly as possible and experience permanent medical and cosmetic improvement of their bunion with minimal scarring.

Flat valgus foot: Surgical procedure, after-care and costs

View of the bones of the longitudinal arch of the footView of the bones of the longitudinal arch of the foot: Flat valgus foot arises due to a rolled-out calcaneus and drop of the arch in the talonavicular joint (joint between the ankle and navicular bone). The hindfoot deformity resulting from a flat valgus foot can also affect the upper ankle joint due to deformity of the talus (ankle). © rob3000, Fotolia

Flat valgus foot is a deformity of the foot where the calcaneus is rolled out. At the same time, the arch of the foot drops at the inside. The flat valgus foot is most commonly caused by being overweight, wearing the wrong footwear and lack of exercise. Even damage to the posterior tibial tendon (tendon of the back tibial muscle) can promote the deformity. In addition, women from middle age and beyond are three times as likely to develop flat valgus foot than men. Typical symptoms of the flat valgus foot are swelling of the inside edge of the foot and the inside ankle, particularly whilst bearing weight. In the early stages, insoles and consistent foot exercises help strengthen the ligaments in the foot. If all conservative treatment options have been exhausted, there are various surgical procedures. The exact extent of the surgery is determined by the physician together with the patient following a medical and diagnostic examination. Possible surgical procedures include, for example, reshaping the bone (osteotomy) or transplanting the posterior tibial tendon.

Foot pain: When to have surgery?

Foot painThe causes of foot pain are varied and should be assessed by an orthopaedic specialist. © Siam, Adobe Stock

Feet carry the whole weight of our body and help us walk an average of 5,000 steps a day. Our modern lifestyle and leisure activities, such as sports and wearing high-heels and uncomfortable footwear, make us more prone to foot pain.

While our feet are stressed every day, most people suffer from foot pain (either one foot or both feet) at some time in their lives. More than often, pain would be harmless and disappear after a short period of time. It could happen as part of the ageing process, but sometimes, it is the result of a more serious health problem or a deformity such as rheumatoid forefoot.

Hallux valgus, the ganglion on the big toe: Conservative treatment or surgery?

The hallux valgus (lat. for skewed toe) is a deformity in the big toe at the metatarsophalangeal joint: It is characteristic for the big toe to point outwards. Due to increasing conflict with the shoe, friction causes an inflammation of the bursa in the metatarsophalangeal joint, often followed by additional swelling.Fig. 1: The hallux valgus (lat. for skewed toe) is a deformity in the big toe at the metatarsophalangeal joint: It is characteristic for the big toe to point outwards. Due to increasing conflict with the shoe, friction causes an inflammation of the bursa in the metatarsophalangeal joint, often followed by additional swelling. ©

Hallux valgus is the most common deformation of the toes

What is Hallux valgus? Hallux valgus is the most common deformity of the forefoot and the toes. 23% of 18-65 year olds and over 35% of those over 65 years have hallux valgus. Due to the noticeable form it’s also referred to as a bunion or ganglion.

Here the big toe moves out of its alignment and points toward the outside edge of the foot. With hallux valgus, the often painful and inflamed, swollen metatarsal head in the metatarsophalangeal joint commonly bulges, pushing against the shoe.

Treating Morton's neuroma: surgery to save the nerve or remove the nerve?

Diagram of Morton's neuromaMorton's neuroma (red) as swelling between the metatarsal bones of the toes (blue). If the nerve (yellow) is irritated, burning or stabbing metatarsal pain occurs throughout the area it supplies. © Dr. Thomas Schneider, MD

Morton's neuroma is a thickening of the metatarsal nerves. It causes acute shooting, burning or stabbing pain in the metatarsus (metatarsalgia) and in the toes. The pain is so severe that patients will only experience temporary relief by sitting down or taking off their shoes. After taking strain off the foot, pain quickly subsides. Formication or a feeling of numbness in the toes are symptoms of Morton's neuroma.

Morton's neuroma is a very common result of splayfoot, sometimes in combination with hallux valgus. Women are four times more likely to develop Morton's neuroma than men. This is probably related to footwear: High heels and pointed toes cause a lot of pressure on the front arch of the foot, increasing the risk of developing splayfoot. Splayfoot changes the position of the metatarsal bones and increases pressure on the nerves running along the sole of the foot.

But even men – primarily runners training a lot – can develop it. Morton's neuroma is most likely to occur between the 3rd and 4th toe, and somewhat less likely to occur between the 2nd and 3rd toe.

Splay Foot

Dr. Thomas Schneider

Splayfoot: Malposition of the metatarsal bones due to widening of the central forefootThe metatarsals are fanned out in splayfoot instead of pointing straight ahead. The footprint widens and the load on the forefoot changes. © Henrie / Fotolia

With a splay foot, the transverse bulge of the forefoot disappears, causing, according to the degree of severity, the foot to be strained in places not used to pressure. The forefoot is broadened and the metatarsal bones splay fan-shaped. Often this is accompanied by a painful callused protrusion that is tender under pressure. Because of the pain, the normal rolling mechanism of the foot is disturbed and the patients instinctively malposition their foot causing the shoe to become crooked and bend outwardly.

Pricelist Foot and Ankle Surgery

Foot and Ankle SurgeryAverage HospitalizationAverage Total Cost*
Arthrolysis, Elongation of the Achilles Tendon2 nights11.900 €
Morton's neuroma Excision2 nights10.000 €
Metatarsophalangeal Arthroscopy2 nights9.800 €
Bunion Osteotomy (Hallux Valgus)2 nights9.800 €
Bunion Osteotomy2 nights10.000 €
Metal Plate Removal after Bunion Surgery2 nights8.200 €
Haglund Surgery2 nights9.200 €
Zadek Osteotomy3 nights11.500 €
Subtalar Arthrodesis4 nights17.000 €
Arthrodesis of Metatarsophalangeal Joint2 nights11.500 €
Ankle Arthroscopy
(minimally invasive surgery)
2 nights11.800 €
Ankle Ligament Reconstruction2 nights12.000 €
Ankle Cartilage Treatment3 nights17.100 €
Ankle Osteotomy
3 nights21.800 €
Ankle Arthrodesis
4 nights21.500 €
Ankle Joint Replacement
(Ankle Prosthesis)
5 nights27.200 €

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Orthopaedic Clinic Germany

Orthopedic clinic and surgeons in Germany

MVZ Gelenk-Klinik
Orthopaedic Clinic

ISO 9001:2015 certified quality

Alte Bundesstrasse 58

D-79194 Gundelfingen,


Foot and Ankle Specialist

Dr med Thomas Schneider Orthopedic Specialist, Consultant for Specialised Knee and Ankle, Hip and Shoulder Surgery

Dr. Thomas Schneider
Orthopedic Specialist, Foot and Ankle Surgery

Dr. Martin Rinio, MD, Orthopedist, Surgeon and Trauma Surgeon

Dr. Martin Rinio, MD, Orthopedist,
Ankle-Surgeon and Trauma Surgeon

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Location of Gelenk-Klinik Gundelfingen
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  • Distance to EURO-Airport Basel: 80 km (45 mins)
  • Distance to Zurich: 161 km (1h 40)
  • Distance to Frankfurt: 259 km (2h 20)

Centre for Arthroplasty

Center of Excellence in Arthroplasty

Certified Centre for Arthroplasty (Centre for Endoprosthesis)